INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE (IAS)


  • INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE (IAS)
 

The officials of the IAS are involved in civil administration and policy-making. After being selected for the IAS, candidates are allocated to "cadres." There is one cadre in each Indian state, except for three joint cadres: Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur-Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT). The "insider-outsider ratio" (ratio of officers who are posted in their home states) is maintained as 1:2 as 'insiders'. The rest are posted as 'outsiders' according to the 'roster' in states other than their home states. Till 2008 there was no choice for any state cadre and the candidates, if not placed in the insider vacancy of their home states, were allotted to different states in alphabetic order of the roster, beginning with the letters A, H, M, and T for that particular year. For example if in a particular year the roster begins from 'A', which means the first candidate in the roster will go to the Andhra Pradesh state cadre of IAS, the next one to Bihar, and subsequently to Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and so on in alphabetical order. The next year the roster starts from 'H', for either Haryana or Himachal Pradesh. (If it has started from Haryana in the previous occasion when it all started from 'H', then this time it would start from Himachal Pradesh). This highly intricate system has on one hand ensured that officers from different states are placed all over India, it has also resulted in wide disparities in the kind of professional exposure for officers, when we compare officers in small and big & also developed and backward state, since the system ensures that the officers are permanently placed to one state cadre. The only way the allotted state cadre can be changed is by marriage to an officer of another state cadre of IAS/IPS/IFS. One can even go to his home state cadre on deputation for a limited period, after which one has to invariably return to the cadre allotted to him or her.

DESIGNATIONS

 IAS

Progression of IAS officers in State and Center Government

IAS officers time scales:

  • Junior Time Scale (entry-level)
  • Senior Time Scale (four years of service) - equivalent to an Under Secretary
  • Junior Administrative Grade (nine years of service) - Deputy Secretaries
  • Selection Grade (13 years of service) - Directors
  • Joint Secretary (GOI)
  • Additional Secretary (GOI)
  • Secretary (GOI) - highest rank (basic pay of 26,000 Indian rupees)
  • Cabinet Secretary - only one (basic pay of 30,000 Indian rupees).

The State Governments however have a kind of leverage to post these officers. Normally when an IAS officer joins the State, he is placed as a Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM). Ideally he is to be made in charge of a District after completing 9 years of service and entering the Junior Administrative Grade but in certain States, even younger IAS officers are made in charge of Districts (Known as District Magistrates (DM), Deputy Commissioners (DCs) or Collectors).